I am a PhD candidate in Managerial Economics and Strategy at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.

My research is in the areas of political economy, labor economics, and economic history.

You can find my CV here.

Contact information:

Email: carlo.medici [at]

Mailing Address:

Office 4240 – Kellogg School of Management

2211 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208

Working Papers

"The Impact of the Chinese Exclusion Act on the U.S. Economy" (with Joe Long, Nancy Qian and Marco Tabellini) (Expand to read abstract)

This paper studies the impact of the Chinese Exclusion Act, which banned Chinese immigration to the United States after 1882, across U.S. counties between 1870 and 1940. We find that the Act reduced labor supply for both the Chinese and other groups (i.e., white and non-white natives and immigrants). The drop in Chinese and non-Chinese labor supply was driven by both skilled and unskilled workers, and occurred across all major economic sectors. The Act also lowered income for all workers, reduced productivity, innovation, and firm investment, and caused a sharp contraction in manufacturing, mining, and agriculture. The results imply that Chinese and other workers were complements in economic production and the exclusion of the Chinese had a negative impact on economic development of the Western United States, which lasted at least until 1940.

Work in Progress

"Immigration, Labor Movement, and Workers' Rights"

"Political Cycles in Black Union Membership"

"Patronage and Careers in the Federal Civil Service: Evidence from U.S. Judges" (with Massimo Pulejo)

“Constraints in Bureaucratic Hiring and Public Sector Performance” (with Maria Carreri, Edoardo Di Porto, Edoardo Teso, and Silvia Vannutelli).

Project made possible thanks to the Visitinps Scholars program, granting access to the universe of Italian Social Security Data.

Professional Activity

Referee for American Economic Journal: Economic Policy

Teaching Assistance


  • Business Analytics | Summer 2019, 2020, 2021

  • Making Business Decisions with Big Data | Winter 2020, 2021

Executive MBA:

  • Statistical Decision Analysis | Winter 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 (Evanston) and Fall 2020, 2021, 2022 (Miami)